Deaths of refugees

Libyan military fired on migrants’ boat before capsizing

Survivors tell MaltaToday that they were shot at by a Libyan military vessel before capsizing.

Additional reporting by Tim Attard Montalto
A Tunisian man thought to have been skippering the boat, which capsized 65 miles south of Lampedusa, is among the 146 migrants who were brought in yesterday morning by the Armed Forces of Malta.
MaltaToday has also discovered that the boat capsized after a Libyan military vessel fired on them killing two. It also believed that that there were more than 250 migrants. Among the survivors, believed to be mainly Syrian and Palestinian refugees, is a month-old baby and a couple, who lost track of their three children. It is thought that around 50 persons have died at sea.
The majority of the migrants are Syrian while others claimed to be Palestinian. A home affairs ministry spokesperson said that 117 migrants are Syrian, 27 claimed to be from Palestine, one from Lebanon and the Tunisian man who survivors told MaltaToday was skippering the boat.
Government spokespersons confirmed that a Tunisian man was among those rescued but could not confirm whether he was at the helm of the boat.
Contrary to initial reports, survivors who spoke to MaltaToday at Mater Dei Hospital yesterday afternoon explained that the boat which capsized on Friday was carrying between 400 and 450 persons, including around 100 children.
First reports said that the vessel was carrying just over 200 migrants and capsized after encountering difficulties in Maltese waters just before sunset on Friday.
However, Syrian and Palestinian migrants told MaltaToday that the boat which was around 20-metres long carried many more persons and the real reason why the boat capsized was because the vessel was shot at by Libyan military personnel who were following the migrants in a separate vessel.
The survivors who were at Mater Dei to undergo medical tests at the radiology department explained that they departed from the Zuwarah, the northwester port in Libya after paying $3,000 each to Libyan militias.
One 16-year old Syrian boy recounted how he travelled over 5,000 km from Damascus to Libya, through Jordan and Egypt in less then a week. The boy made the trip together with his parents and two younger brothers, however his father and one of his brothers were rescued by the Italian navy and taken to Lampedusa, while he and the rest of the family were brought to Malta.
“We are extremely tired and hungry, however the only thing we want is to be reunited with my father and brother,” the boy said as he stood by his visibly tried mother and seven-year old brother.
The boy said his family fled Damascus to escape the violence which has ravaged Syria, with the number of refugees set to exceed the three million mark by the end of the year.
He explained that after fleeing from their war-torn country, his family made it to Libya and were told that they would be taken to Italy by boat by Libyan militiamen.
However, the migrants who spoke to MaltaToday shockingly revealed that that their boat was shot at by Libyan military forces who followed the boat for hours.
Although only a few migrants could speak in English, many persons who spoke to us at Mater Dei revealed that soldiers shot at the boat, killing two persons.
Two 17-year-old Syrian boys said that this caused the boat to overturn as the migrants panicked after being shot at.
Molham Alrosan, a 20-year-old Palestinian living in Syria, was on the boat with his mother, father and his 10-year-old brother Mohamed.  They were hoping to immigrate to Sweden in search of a better life.
Molham’s family travelled from Syria to Libya through Lebanon and Egypt.
Alrosan said that only a short while after leaving Libya, they noticed a Libyan military boat was following them.
“It followed our boat for six hours and the officers on board it insisted that we turn back.  When our captain refused, they started to shoot at the place where they assumed the engines to be,” he said.
“And when that didn’t work, they started to shoot as us,” he said.
Another passenger on board, also of Palestinian origin, described how they had tried to shoot at him.
“They shot at me but the bullet hit the railing. If it wasn’t for that, I’d probably be dead,” he said.
The man, who preferred not to be named, was on the boat with his wife. The couple had been living in Libya for a year but due to it “not being safe”, had boarded the boat hoping to reach mainland Europe.
He confirmed that the militia boat followed their boat for hours, even when they were outside Libyan waters.
“I remember that they were dressed in casual clothes, but they were definitely militia. I don’t know why but even when we were outside the Libyan border, they kept following us,” he said.
At least four families who spoke to MaltaToday explained that they were separated from other family members at sea, with Aisha Mustafa, 25, and her husband Aleq, 27,  explaining that their one-year-old daughter, Mara was taken from their hands by Italian rescuers and taken to Lampedusa, while they were brought to Malta.
“I know my daughter is alive, she is completely alone in Italy.  I want her back, I want her to join us here as soon as possible,” Aisha said, adding that she had no ide when she could embrace her child again.
Ihad Ali, from Syria explained that his three children, aged five, three and one, were also in Italy while he and his wife were in Malta.
Although most migrants spoke in broken English and some details of their stories did not match exactly with that of others, they all agreed on one thing. Asked what their they hoped for, they all agreed that they want to be reunited with their families and live in peace.
In a heart-breaking story, a Syrian women living in Norway contacted MaltaToday explaining that her sister, Taghrid had departed Libya on Thursday together with her husband and five-year-old twin daughters, however had not heard from them since then.
The woman asked whether we could help trace her family and on reaching hospital, we spotted a disconsolate man sitting in a corner with his little daughter sitting on his lap.
The man could not speak in English and communicating in a mishmash of Arabic and Maltese the man confirmed that he was father to twin daughters, however he did not know what had happened to his wife and other daughter.
He explained that as the boat capsized, he could only grab one daughter and held her to his chest as they went underwater. However, he did not know the fate of his other daughter and his wife who was also five-months pregnant with twins.
Yet, when asked whether he his sister-in-law lived in Norway the man said that he did not have any relatives living in the Scandinavian country.
A few minutes later, an email reached us from Norway with the names and ages of the women’s family and after showing the man the names on the phone, the desolate man jumped to his feet and asked whether we could call his sister-in-law.
With the aid of the Prime Minister’s spokesperson, the man called his sister-in-law and while breathing a huge sigh of relief, the man broke down in tears as he explained the travesty he and his family went through.
MaltaToday has also learnt that at least two doctors are among the 146 migrants who were brought to Malta, with one being a dermatologist and the other an orthopaedic specialist.
On Friday, P-61, the AFM’s biggest patrol boat, picked up 150 people, who are being brought to Malta. The Maltese crew reached the people on site with a dinghy and launched a life raft which on its own, rescued some 60 people.
Eventually, the Maltese vessel took aboard some 150 survivors while others, including a mother and her infant, were evacuated by air to Lampedusa due to their urgent medical condition.
The AFM also brought to Malta five dead people – three toddlers, an 11-year-old boy and a woman.

““Eravamo in 400-450 persone”, riportano i primi racconti di chi era a bordo, aprendo uno scenario che potrebbe, se confermato, tradursi in un bilancio ancora più tragico del naufragio di ieri a 60 miglia dalle isole Pelagie. “Appena partiti i libici ci hanno sparato addosso, uccidendo due di noi. Hanno sparato all’impazzata. Penso volessero colpire lo scafista. A bordo c’era il panico e le persone cercavano di farsi scudo uno con l’altro”, spiega uno dei superstiti. E poi il naufragio: tanti che non sapevano nuotare, bambini dispersi in mare… un neonato morto con il faccino rivolto al cielo come un angelo”, racconta un 27enne palestinese.

“Abbiamo lasciato il porto di Zuwara giovedi scorso all’alba”, racconta a La Valletta Emd Hassan, 38 anni, di Damasco, laureato in letteratura inglese: “Ho avuto tanta paura, non vedevo i miei tre figli. Urlavo in mare il loro nome. Poi per miracolo sono riuscito a ritrovarli tutti e tre e con le ultime forze li ho afferrati e gettati su una zattera che era stata lanciata da un aereo. Molti di noi non sapevano nuotare”.

Sotto shock e disperata invece un’altra coppia, sempre siriana, che non sa ancora la sorte dei suoi tre bambini. Non sanno se sono stati soccorsi e portati a Lampedusa o sono dispersi, raccontano disperati. […]”


At least two dozen killed after boat capsizes near Lampedusa

A fresh tragedy occurs in the same waters where last week more than 300 migrants travelling from north Africa lost their lives

two dozen killed boat capsized lampedusa

This video image made available by the Armed Forces of Malta shows a life raft carrying survivors between Malta and Lampedusa. Photograph: AP

At least 27 people have died after their boat capsized near the Italian island of Lampedusa, a fresh tragedy to occur in the waters where last week more than 300 migrants travelling from north Africa to southernEurope lost their lives.

As divers continued to search for corpses following last Thursday’s disaster, the Maltese prime minister Joseph Muscat told journalists in Valletta that 27 people – including at least three children – had been pulled from the water following a fresh crisis around 60 miles south-east of Lampedusa.

Although near the Sicilian island, the boat was in international waters where Malta is responsible for search and rescue operations.

Earlier, Italian navy spokesman Marco Maccaroni told the Associated Press that at least 221 people had been saved from the capsized vessel – a figure which represented a large proportion of the approximately 250 people believed to have been on board.

Reacting to the news on Friday night, the Italian prime minister, Enrico Letta, was reported to have said the latest deaths were a “new and stark confirmation” of how serious the situation in the Mediterranean is.

The official toll for last Thursday’s tragedy – when a boat loaded with around 500 migrants caught fire and sank in one of the worst disasters to hit the area in recent years – rose on Friday to at least 339.

Malta was coordinating the emergency response to Friday’s crisis, with its ships and aircrafts assisted by the Italian authorities. The more seriously injured among them were being flown by helicopter to Lampedusa.

Passengers on board the boat had been able to make an emergency call with a satellite phone, which enabled rescuers to pinpoint their location, a spokesman for the Italian coastguard said.

A Maltese military plane was on the scene at around 4pm local time (1400 GMT) and dropped a life raft to start the rescue operation, according to the smaller EU country’s navy.

The head of the Italian Red Cross said that the latest deaths were yet more proof that urgent steps needed to be taken to open humanitarian corridors to protect migrant boats.

“Reading the news that is coming out about a new tragedy at sea, I feel anger and bitterness. There is a need for concrete action, as we have said repeatedly, more than words,” said Francesco Rocca in a statement.

“This is the dramatic proof of everything we have been saying up to today: that we need to take urgent measures to open humanitarian corridors. There is no time to lose.”

Even before the most recent disaster, it had become clear earlier on Friday that the potentially deadly perils of the crossing had not stopped the flow of migrants to Italian shores. The coastguard said that in five separate operations more than 500 migrants had been rescued in quick succession.